Growing Citrus Trees

Growing a successful citrus tree is a simple process. Factors such as temperature, moisture and adequate watering help maintain production of citrus fruit. Citrus trees can be found in the south of Spain, Australia and south of China. In the U.S., citrus trees are grown in Florida, Texas and California.

Citrus trees produce sweet oranges, tangerines, lemons, limes, grapefruit and a variety of hybrid citrus fruit. Cool temperatures aid in growing citrus trees. A cool summer and moderate winter allow lemons to flourish while tangerines grow best in sub-zero degree temperatures. Water quality is also important because when high in salt it can damage the tree’s leaves.

Contrary to popular belief a tree does not grow by simply planting citrus seeds in dirt. Reproducing a new tree is done by planting a seed for the rootstock. Grafting must take place in order for the tree to began to grow. Citrus fruit passes from immaturity to maturity to over maturity while on the tree. After the rootstock is a year old a single bud can be taken from a branch and inserted into the bark of a young seedling. The bud grows into the top of the tree that produces the fruit. The buds form in early winter developing through spring. After bloom the fruit develops five to eighteen months later depending on the tree. Citrus trees will grow in most soil. Compost or manure enhance the nutrient holding abilities of the tree. Unlike other trees no pruning is necessary.


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